3 Essential Components of Logistics and Transportation and How They Started

Have you ever wondered where every logistics company in the Philippines as well as in other countries started? Logistics is defined as the detailed coordination of a complex operation involving many people, facilities and it has been an integral part of human society since the early times. Knowing the history of logistics gives an insight of its development and mere importance. Land-based logistics is the oldest form of transportation while sea-based comes in second. The newest form of transportation in logistics is air based. To further dissect the importance of logistics in recent and past events, here is a brief history:

Land-based Logistics

Image source: bit.ly/2ecfoct

It all started with the invention of the wheel in Mesopotamia which dates back to 3500 BC. It revolutionized the means of transportation during the ancient civilization. It also paved the way for the carrying of goods and trade. In 2 to 6th century AD, the domestication of animals took place. Camels, for instance, made a more efficient form of transportation in the Middle East and Northern Africa.

Industrial Revolution changed the game for land-based logistics as it made the industry more technologically adept. The trade was much faster and more convenient. Railroads were built and trains were maximized. It was truly a logistical advancement.

Trucks, on the other hand, were first extensively used by the military during World War I but was further developed in 1920’s, where pneumatic, or air-filled tires, made it easier for trucks to travel at a much higher speed.

Sea-based Logistics

Image source: gettyimages.com

The Egyptians led the way for water transportation’s evolution. They invented the “Reed Boat”, the earliest sailing boat, in 4000 years BC.  During the Medieval Period, Southeast Asian seafarers developed oceangoing vessels used for travel and population movements in 1000 AD. China, on the other hand, used massive “junks” to carry people and was also used as transport containers in 200 AD. These ancient ships paved the way for a more modern and convenient sea freight.  The historical development of water-based transportation is connected to the importance of domestic and international trade. It allowed people to sail all around the world and enabled the transport of goods. This also led to globalization. Sea freight has come a long way ever since. It has a lot to do with how logistics companies in the Philippines and beyond have progressed.

Air-based Logistics

Image source: tsb.gc.ca

The concept of air transportation was first set into motion during the 17th century. The Montgolfier brothers designed the hot air balloon in 1783, which was considered as the first “air flight”. It was modified later on because its trajectory was limited; it only traveled downwards. In 1784, Jean-Pierre Blanchard invented a “steerable balloon”. The concept of a modern airplane, however, was devised by Sir George Cayley. Alterations such as propulsion and control were implemented. The first take-off flight, which was in a controlled and powered aircraft, was conducted by the infamous Wright Brothers.

As technology progressed, modifications and innovations were applied. Aircraft got bigger and better. The designs grew larger and more reliable. It began carrying people and even cargo. Thus, the birth of air freight.

These three modes of transportation fore fronted the success of logistics companies not only here in the Philippines but in the whole world. Imagine the world without these remarkable inventions. We would probably be still primitively dealing with the transport of goods. That would have been a logistical nightmare.


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